Nutrition — Heterotrophy — Biotrophy — Asymbiosis — Antagonism — Herbivory — Folivory

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

cf. Aspidimorpha areata (Chrysomelidae, Cassidinae, Aspidimorphini) and Alternanthera pungens (Amaranthaceae, Gomphrenoideae, Gomphreneae) — 24.10.2022

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Solanophila cf. paykullii (Coccinellidae, Epilachninae, Epilachnini) [larva] and Crassocephalum vitellinum (Asteraceae, Asteroideae, Senecioneae) — 04.05.2023

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Solanophila cf. paykullii (Coccinellidae, Epilachninae, Epilachnini) [larva] and Crassocephalum vitellinum (Asteraceae, Asteroideae, Senecioneae) — 04.05.2023

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Hypolixus cf. haerens (Curculionidae, Lixinae, Lixini) and cf. Guizotia scabra (Asteraceae, Asteroideae, Millerieae) — 13.04.2023

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

cf. Pantomorus cervinus (Curculionidae, Entiminae, Naupactini) and Tithonia diversifolia (Asteraceae, Asteroideae, Heliantheae) — 08.05.2023

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

cf. Pantomorus cervinus (Curculionidae, Entiminae, Naupactini) and Tithonia diversifolia (Asteraceae, Asteroideae, Heliantheae) — 08.05.2023

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Plant gall sp. and Tylosema fassoglensis (Fabaceae, Cercidoideae, Cercideae) — 11.03.2022