Nutrition — Heterotrophy — Biotrophy — Asymbiosis — Antagonism — Herbivory — Nectarivory

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Apis mellifera scutellata (Apidae, Apinae, Apini) [⚲] and Tithonia diversifolia (Asteraceae, Asteroideae, Heliantheae) — 28.03.2023

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Xylocopa cf. scioensis (Apidae, Xylocopinae, Xylocopini) and Tithonia diversifolia (Asteraceae, Asteroideae, Heliantheae) — 09.05.2023

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Junonia terea (Nymphalidae, Nymphalinae, Junonini) and Tithonia diversifolia (Asteraceae, Asteroideae, Heliantheae) — 17.10.2022

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Eurema hecabe (Pieridae, Coliadinae, Euremini) and Justicia flava (Acanthaceae, Acanthoideae, Justicieae) — 17.03.2023

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Hypolimnas misippus (Nymphalidae, Nymphalinae, Kallimini) [♂] and Lantana camara (Verbenaceae, Lantanoideae, Lantaneae) — 23.02.2023

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

cf. Borbo fatuellus (Hesperiidae, Hesperiinae, Boarini) and Lantana camara (Verbenaceae, Lantanoideae, Lantaneae) — 25.03.2023

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Eretmocera sp. (Scythrididae, Scythridinae, Scythridini) and Guizotia scabra (Asteraceae, Asteroideae, Millerieae) — 06.03.2023