Nutrition — Heterotrophy — Biotrophy — Symbiosis — Antagonism — Parasitism — Zooparasitism [incl. larval stage]

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Brachymeria sp. (Chalcididae, Brachymeriinae, Brachymeriini) — 19.09.2022

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Chrysis lincea (Chrysididae, Chrysidinae, Chrysidini) and dead wood — 16.03.2022

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Kapala ivorensis (Eucharitidae, Eucharitinae, Eucharitini) [♀] and Hoslundia opposita (Lamiaceae, Nepetoideae, Ocimeae) — 27.03.2023

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Aleiodes sp. (Braconidae, Rogadinae, Aleiodini) [♀] — 21.10.2022

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Xorides maculiceps (Ichneumonidae, Xoridinae, Xoridini) [♀] — 29.08.2022

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

Ixodida, Ixodoidea sp. and Tithonia diversifolia (Asteraceae, Asteroideae, Heliantheae) — 21.10.2022

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

cf. Poophilus terrenus (Aphrophoridae, Aphrophorinae, Ptyleini) and Laboulbeniomycetes sp. and Centella asiatica (Apiaceae, Mackinlayoideae, Mackinlayeae) — 29.08.2022

by Denice ('Deno') Ochieng Maramba, © ITCER e.V. and ITCER Kenya — CC BY-NC-ND

cf. Poophilus terrenus (Aphrophoridae, Aphrophorinae, Ptyleini) and Laboulbeniomycetes sp. and Centella asiatica (Apiaceae, Mackinlayoideae, Mackinlayeae) — 29.08.2022